新东方大学英语四级考试模拟题

 时间:2019-11-21 00:06:11 贡献者:天津新东方培训学校

导读:新东方大学英语四级考试全国统一模拟冲刺试卷COLLEGE ENGLISH TEST — Band Four —试题册………………………………………………………………………………………………………敬告考生一、在

新东方2017年12月听力改革新题型大学英语四级考试*详解真题 模拟 7套
新东方2017年12月听力改革新题型大学英语四级考试*详解真题 模拟 7套

新东方大学英语四级考试全国统一模拟冲刺试卷COLLEGE ENGLISH TEST — Band Four —试题册………………………………………………………………………………………………………敬告考生一、在答题前,请认真完成以下内容: 1. 请检查试题册背面条形码粘贴条、答题卡的印刷质量,如有问题及时向监考员反映,确认无误后完成以下两点要求。

2. 请将试题册背面条形码粘贴条揭下后粘贴在答题卡 1 的条形码粘贴框内,并将姓名和准考证号填写在试题册背面相应位置。

3. 请在答题卡 1 和答题卡 2 指定位置用黑色签字笔填写准考证号、姓名和学校名称,并用HB-2B 铅笔将对应准考证号的信息点涂黑。

二、在考试过程中,请注意以下内容: 1. 所有题目必须在答题卡上规定位置作答,在试题册上或答题卡上非规定位置的作答一律无效。

2. 请在规定时间内在答题卡指定位置依次完成作文、听力、阅读、翻译各部分考试,作答作文期间不得翻阅该试题册。

听力录音播放完毕后,请立即停止作答,监考员将立即收 回答题卡 1,得到监考员指令后方可继续作答。

3. 作文题内容印在试题册背面,作文题及其他主观题必须用黑色签字笔在答题卡指定区域 内作答。

4. 选择题均为单选题,错选、不选或多选将不得分,作答时必须使用 HB-2B 铅笔在答题卡 上相应位置填涂,修改时须用橡皮擦净。

三、以下情况按违规处理: 1. 未正确填写(涂)个人信息,错贴、不贴、毁损条形码粘贴条。

2. 未按规定翻阅试题册、提前阅读试题、提前或在收答题卡期间作答。

3. 未用所规定的笔作答、折叠或毁损答题卡导致无法评卷。

4. 考试期间在非听力考试时间佩戴耳机。

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[在此处键入]Part I Writing(30 minutes)Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a news report to your campus newspaper on a visit to a museum organized by the Student Union. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.注意: 此部分试题请在答题卡 1 上作答。

Part II Listening Comprehension(25 minutes)Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report,you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard. 1. A) To patrol the streets in the neighborhood. B) To respond to a report of a likely crime.C) To stop gang fighting happening there. D) To investigate a case of domestic violence.2. A) He was pointing his gun at the police officer. B) He was running to the end of the alley. C) He was driving a truck without permission. D) He was showing himself out of a vehicle.Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard. 3. A) To enhance students’ performance in their study.B) To ease the heavy financial burden on students. C) To help students deal with mental health issues. D) To improve students’ ability to handle relationships.4. A) It might have a bad influence on students’ mental well-being. B) It may provide students with info about establishing friendship. C) It could help students to set up somewhat realistic goals in life. D) It can help students share their favorite articles with their peers.[在此处键入]

Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard. 5. A) Some teachers complain about students’ poor performance at school.B) Some schools have to prepare clothes for students from poor families. C) Some parents try to avoid doing laundry for their children intentionally. D) Some students have difficulty in getting along with their teachers.6. A) Because their parents fail to provide food for their children. B) Because their parents have no time to cook for their children. C) Because they choose to go on a diet in the evening on purpose. D) Because they have no great expectations of their future life.7. A) Improve working conditions for teachers. B) End its fixation with Brexit. C) Invest properly in public services. D) Impose more tax on wealthy people.Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of eachconversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 8. A) Because he was looking for a potential employer.B) Because he wanted to live a relatively peaceful life. C) Because he became interested in going fishing in Kent. D) Because he decided to live far away from his family.9. A) He appears to adapt to a slower pace of life. B) He knows when he is supposed to give up. C) He is quite satisfied with his current lifestyle. D) He is indifferent to gaining success at work.10. A) Over-decorated clothes. B) Simple-styled clothes. C) Hand-made clothes. D) Dark-colored clothes.[在此处键入]

[在此处键入]11. A) They are suitable for young people. B) They are much larger in size than normal ones. C) They are designed mostly by female designers. D) They are of comparatively poor quality.Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 12. A) Call on parents to stay away from their digital devices. B) Have a discussion about screentime among children. C) Urge schools to ban mobile phone use on campus. D) Prevent children from being addicted to video games.13. A) Because it sounds more fashionable to communicate with their friends online. B) Because it needs much effort to arrange activities to be played with their friends. C) Because it is hard for children to find friends with shared interests in real life. D) Because it is too much for children to interact with friends after a busy day at school.14. A) It’s the most popular website for videos. B) It offers live broadcast of TV programs. C) It’s a popular website for watching videos. D) It contains harmful contents unsuitable for kids.15. A) It is easier to get access to videos. B) It provides more free videos. C) It offers more instruction programs. D) It has more interesting channels.Section C Directions: In this section, you will hear three passages. At the end of each passage, you willhear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard. 16. A) Because their spouses aren’t careful with their expenses.B) Because their spouses don’t take any family responsibilities. C) Because their spouses contribute less to the family.[在此处键入]

D) Because their spouses have less pre-marital property.17. A) Failing to have an open talk with each other. B) Having different spending habits in everyday life. C) Being unable to own independent bank accounts. D) Being unable to share family expenses equally.18. A) By urging two spouses to love each other forever. B) By offering realistic suggestions for emotional fights. C) By helping set up common financial goals in life. D) By distributing the total family income more equally.Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard. 19. A)Men are better prepared for a stress-free retirement than women.B) Men are better prepared for their medical expenses than women. C) Women are more worried about their finances in retirement than men. D) Women are more concerned about their health in retirement than men.20. A)Working-age women are contributing greatly to their retirement savings. B)Women are contributing more to their retirement than their partners. C)Women are contributing less to their retirement than their partners. D)Women are contributing equally to their retirement as their partners.21. A) Daily expenses. B) Retirement savings. C) Healthcare costs. D) Housing investments.Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard. 22. A) The school admitted a large number of overseas students.B) The school denied admission of many European students. C) The school saw a dramatic increase in applications from local students. D) The school started to offer a record-high number of courses to its students.23. A) They love to study in a British university rather than a European school. B) They pay less than international students to study in the United Kingdom.[在此处键入]

[在此处键入]C) They usually speak English as fluently as the local British students do. D) They perform better than both British students and overseas students.24. A) Because they long to get in touch with the British culture. B) Because they dream of starting a new life in UK after graduation. C) Because they think highly of education offered in British schools. D) Because they have immense interest in Britain’s pop culture.25. A) A way to diversify the student population on campus. B) A means to advocate the British social values. C) A chance to earn more money for themselves. D) A channel for having immigrants to join in the labor force.Part III Reading Comprehension(40 minutes)Section A Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select oneword for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.Would you enjoy a truly unique hotpot experience? If so, you could be 26 served by robots. A famous hotpot chain has gained even more 27 since it opened its intelligent restaurant in downtown Beijing in October 2018. Patrons eager to visit the establishment often have to wait an average of two hours to get a seat.There are 18 automatic “machine arms” that constantly work in an intelligent dish sortingroom that is between 0 and 4 degrees. They are 28 of processing up to 8,000 dishes each day.Windows 29 guests across the 93-table dining hall to see the operation from start to finish.The flavor of the hotpot is one of the most important factors. Customers can choose from six 30 of spiciness, and flavor consultants help advise when patrons face the 31 of choosing between moderately spicy and eye-watering, extremely spicy hotpot. Once the decision is made, the thick soup is seasoned by the automatic flavoring machine.Within 10 minutes after customers 32 their orders on iPads, six dish dispatching robots carry the meat and vegetables to the dining tables by tag location technology. Each dishdispatching robot can operate for an entire day after being 33 for one night.[在此处键入]

The operation of the restaurant is helped by two intelligent systems. One accurately copes with customers’ 34 , added and urgent orders, analyzes the data of the restaurant, monitors the operation condition of the equipment, provides maintenance of the software and 35 the food inventory and expiry date. The other is an energy management system, which calculates and analyzes the energy consumption including water, electricity and fuel gas of the restaurant.A) capable B) dilemma C) merely D) warmly E) checks F) canceled G) popularity H) levelsI) charged J) alternatives K) facilitated L) place M) validates N) allow O) responsibleSection B Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it.Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.Can Happiness Be Exported? [A] Finland has emerged as the happiest nation in the world, and not for the first time. The Nordiccountry, home to just 5.5 million people, scooped top spot in the UN’s World Happiness Report—which ranks countries by how content their citizens perceive themselves to be—in both 2019 and 2018. Furthermore, it has consistently ranked in the top 10—since the first report in 2012. [B] Despite severe and prolonged winters, Finns’ positive outlook is boosted by low levels of crime, access to nature, affordable childcare, heavily subsidized healthcare and, crucially, free education. Compulsory school education begins at seven, which is late when compared with British children, who begin in the year they turn five, and the U.S., where children enroll before six. Standardized testing does not exist in Finland and students are encouraged to explore their strengths, rather than compete, in a more relaxed environment, which education experts say can have a lifelong positive impact. [C] John Helliwell, editor of the World Happiness Report, said that Finnish children posting the highest scores in the OECD’s PISA education rankings first attracted international attention to the country’s school system. “The same thing is now happening for happiness, with respect to life as a whole,” he said. He said the country’s top educators had ensured that the “system [在此处键入]

[在此处键入]move beyond the achievement of test scores to the development of happy and well-adjusted (适应良好的) children and adults.”[D] One entrepreneurial Finnish school is now branching out overseas, exporting its lessons globally in a bid to spread, and sell, this happiness. Tests, competition and ranking are all avoided by Helsinki International Schools (HEI), an institution with seven outposts in China, Australia and South Korea, which aims to make “high-quality early childhood education ... accessible for as many children as possible.” It says its concept has proved such a success that six additional branches have opened since the first one in the Inner Mongolian city of Baotou in 2017, catering for 300 children aged three to six. It is now planning new initiatives in Argentina, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.[E] “We soon realized that if we could make this model work in Inner Mongolia, it would probably work anywhere,” Milla Kokko, HEI Schools CEO, said. “Clearly Finland has something valuable to offer people around the world.” The idea is to collaborate with overseas educationalists rather than export Finnish educators, she added.[F] HEI Schools recruits, trains and works with local partners to create and run pre-schools which reflect the Finnish model, also using Finnish designers and architects to build inspiring spaces. “We started by building this very holistic package that people outside of Finland can operate. If the model was based on finding Finnish teachers to run it, we would eventually run out,” the CEO laughed.[G] Kokko said that research shows that children learn most effectively when they areenthusiastic about the subject. “But it’s very difficult in competitive environments to say ‘just relax and let the children find their own interests.’ “I would say that Finland is not a very competitive society so it has been easier to implement this. When you have the culture to try that, you see that it works, but having a culture of competition and ranking-based models makes it more difficult.” [H] Helliwell agreed, adding: “Education in Finland has not always been first-rate; there were many important reforms introduced several decades ago, something they try to show that good education is not culture or nation-specific, but can be developed anywhere. Being Finns, and good at sharing (something else that can be emulated and learned), they were responsive to outside interest, and willing to help others to improve their education systems.” [I] Unlike in Finland, the ‘satellite’ schools are not free. HEI Schools MarketingCommunications Manager Pamela Lewis believed that national operators decide on their own fees but are “typically ... landing on fees suitable for the) local middle class.”[J] Riikka Hofmann, a lecturer at Cambridge University, where she researches educational change, said: “The reasons for the success of any education system are always complex, contextual and there is always the danger of post-hoc (事后归因的) explanation.” She added that the interesting thing about Finland’s education system is that “it was not developed into its current form in order to tick boxes of success, but in order to be supportive of all children’s learning.”[K] Hofmann said that “we do not know whether things that work in one cultural and policy setting will work the same way in another” but pointed out that HEI Schools is instead trying[在此处键入]

to allow for its model to develop in a “co-constructive” way through its implementation by teachers in different countries. [L] One place with an almost completely opposed educational culture is South Korea, where emphasis is placed on academic achievement. Seolmi Lee, a parent at an HEI school in Seoul, said she had come to seek an alternative model after majoring in early childhood education herself. She felt South Korean education was stuck in a traditional system where children operated within a “set framework with fixed answers.” She had been impressed that “in Finnish education, children independently take the initiative to decide what kind of activity they would like to do, find answers within the play they choose, and finish the activity without a set time or framework.” [M] HEI Schools also uses Finnish designers and architects to build inspiring spaces. By doing so, children “gained a huge sense of accomplishment and self-confidence, which eventually leads to the happiness of living.” Every parent wanted their child to be happy, Lee said, adding: “I want to teach my child that happiness is something that she has to make herself, rather than somebody making it for her.” [N] Studies consistently prove a solid foundation in early years has a lasting, lifelong impact,[在此处键入]

according to Sue Palmer, a former head teacher, literacy expert and author of many books including “Toxic Childhood.” Palmer said: “My admiration for the Finns is for their education in general and the trust they put in teachers, but specifically for their absolutely remarkable pre-school provision.” [O] Palmer strongly believes the later starting age is key to Finland’s success and would like to see more countries follow suit. Two thirds of countries start school at six, 12% at 4-5 and just over a fifth—22%—at seven, she said. “Nobody in Finland expects children to be reading and writing formally until they are seven which means they get four years of play and early years’ pedagogy (教育). “There are a lot of children who are simply not developmentally ready and if you force them you can create a lot of problems.”36. HEI works hard to set up new schools overseas to provide high-quality education to young children in different countries, with an eye to let children lead a happy childhood life.37. According to the HEI CEO, it’s not possible to assign Finnish teachers to run preschools established in other countries since there’s a limited number of Finnish teachers.38. John Helliwell thinks it’s a good thing for Finns to develop their education well and then share their experience with people in other countries to improve education there.39. Sue Palmer thinks highly of how much the Finns invest in their early childhood education, which in return gives all their children a good start in their life journey.40. Sue Palmer recommends that children begin their education at a later age and after they are intellectually ready, otherwise there will be serious problems.41. Seolmi Lee believes there are some problems with education in South Korea, since it aims to focus on children’s academic achievement, rather than cultivate their independence and interest in study.42. According to Milla Kokko, it is sensible for HEI schools to make the Finnish model of early education work well in other countries by cooperating with educationalists there.43. According to Riikka Hofmann, the Finnish education system has always been focusing solely on its efforts to facilitate all children’s learning, rather than on setting up standards for their study.44. Education experts in Finland believe that it would do good to children if they begin their schooling at a much later age and they receive their education in a relaxed environment in school.45. According to Riikka Hofmann, the satellite schools of HEI are trying to implement the Finnish model in countries with different cultural and political backgrounds.Section C Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questionsor unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C)

and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.Passage One Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.Jeremy Darroch told a media and telecoms conference in London that video streaming services such as YouTube and Facebook should be forced to abide by the same content rules as broadcasters. He said that the social media industry is now “shaping how elections are fought and impacting the mental health of our children” and should not be given a “free pass”.“It is illogical that if you watch something on your TV it is highly regulated, but if that video comes through YouTube or Facebook, our policy framework gives it a free pass. Social media and digital technology can deliver so much good, but we all now accept it has a dangerous dark side. It needs rules just as much as TV does, or financial services, or any other powerful part of our society,” said the chief executive of Sky plc.His comments follow criticism from MPs of social media platforms, including the suggestion that the government should introduce a code of ethics which would legally bind them to remove “harmful content”. Although questions have been raised about what harmful content actually is, the government is set to introduce a white paper on the topic in the coming months. It will be the beginning of new laws which will see social media companies face a mandatory code of conduct, for which they could face fines in incidents of non-compliance.Mr. Darroch also criticised the tax arrangements of large social media companies. He said: “The business models of the technology companies seem to allow them to trade without having the same kinds of obligations as most other companies—like paying tax that society expects and needs. When paying your taxes, employing people and complying with the law are competitive disadvantages, you know something has got to change.”During his speech, Mr. Darroch also updated on the results of Sky’s £30bn takeover by US cable giant Comcast. He said Sky employees were “pleased to have the sale behind us”, and added the firms are “already seeing clear benefits flowing in both directions”. Comcast and Sky were sharing technology expertise, with Sky bringing Comcast’s voice interface to Sky Q later this year. Comcast is also using Sky’s technology to power its new streaming service in the US next year.46. According to Jeremy Darroch, what should social media websites be requested to do? A) Follow stricter rules for their content. B) Stay away from political elections. C) Provide more channels for young children. D) Lower feeds for video streaming services.47. How does Jeremy Darroch think of digital technology? A) It is effectively regulated by authorities.

B) It is dishonest with its financial records. C) It falls into fierce competition with TV. D) It brings about some potential problems.48. After issuing a white paper on social media platforms, what will the government do next? A) Urge related digital tech companies to take more social responsibilities. B) Set up roles rules for identifying harmful content on social media platforms. C) Pass relevant laws and regulations on social media websites’ operation. D) Raise moral standards for new employees in social media companies.49. According to Jeremy Darroch, in which aspect should changes be implemented in social media companies? A) Codes of employees’ conduct. B) The business model. C) The related tax policy. D) Codes of employees’ ethics.50. In the eyes of Jeremy Darroch, in which aspect could Comcast benefit from its takeover of Sky? A) Taking over many Sky employees. B) Expanding its streaming service. C) Gaining some competitive advantages. D) Getting rid of a powerful opponent.Passage Two Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage.Is Britain ready to go cashless? If you ask me, definitely not. But this question is being posed by the Access to Cash review, funded by Link. The preliminary review made it clear that 25 million people in the UK would find it problematic to live without cash and 17 percent would find it almost impossible. It also noted that 97 percentof us still carry cash; the average is £41. Some 18 percent of those surveyed said they carried cash in the event IT systems go down.Last year, the UK Finance Payments Market Report reported that in space of ten years, cash use had halved from six out of ten transactions to three out of ten. In 15 years, it predicted that cash transactions could reduce further to one in ten.What will happen to those who rely on cash if the infrastructure is swept away? After FT

Money covered the issue last week, some readers suggested older people could be given “digital training” to get online. But getting to grips with technology is only one part of the problem. Who will pay for those on low incomes to get a smartphone, tablet or broadband connection?The recent reporting season shows us that the banks are saving a lot of money by closing branches. It’s estimated that a fifth of households now live more than three kilometers from a bank branch. Counter services at Post Office branches provide some back-up. However, some of these are also being closed because they are no longer profitable.Natalie Ceeney, chair of the Access to Cash review, said: “Our research does show that if we fail to plan and prepare for a cashless society it would do significant harm to the millions of people who would be left behind.”Another issue is the impact on charities. The preliminary review notes that 74 percent of us use cash for charitable donations. In December, the Big Issue announced that it was undertaking an eight-week trial using card readers to pay for the magazine. The machines cost about £30 and some buskers (街头艺人) and churches already use them.51. What did the Access to Cash review find about cash using in Britain? A) Most people choose to carry cash for various reasons. B) Most people find it impossible to live without cash. C) Most young people prefer to pay with mobile phones. D) Most young people adapt to a cashless society.52. According to the passage, what would be the use of cash in the UK in 15 years? A) Cash will be completely out of circulation in the market. B) Cash will be used in 30 percent of transactions. C) Cash will be used much less frequently than at present. D) Cash will no longer be used in transactions.53. Why is it complicated for the UK to go cashless? A) Because digital training is about to be offered to people in different age groups. B) Because great barriers have to be overcome for the sake of some social groups. C) Because media literacy needs to be much improved among the general public. D) Because more investment is of necessity in telecommunication and social media.54. For what reason are some bank branches closing down? A) Because they can no longer gain enough profits. B) Because they are firmly against online transactions. C) Because they focus exclusively on counter services.

D) Because they are far from some households.55. What is the problem with charities if the British society goes cashless? A) Charity organizations don’t catch up with the development of modern technology. B) Digital devices can help charity organizations to gain more financial support. C) Charities will gather much less money if the British society goes cashless. D) A considerable number of people would like to donate to charities in cash.Part IV Translation(30 minutes)Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.上海市中心城区虽已布满咖啡馆,很多咖啡从业者并不太担心市场饱和 (oversaturation)的问题。

相反,较高的消费水平让从业者感到乐观。

国际咖啡组织的数 据表明中国每年的人平均咖啡消费量只有 5 杯,而全球平均值为 240 杯。

中国目前的 消费水平给星巴克(Starbucks)提供了一个难得的增长预期。

如果中国的人均消费从每年 5 杯升至 10 杯,星巴克所有的投入都将得到丰厚的回报。

中国的咖啡消费量不会在短 时间内大幅增长,但再过十年一定会。

 
 

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